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Food Allergy Terms

food allergy terms & definitions

Adrenaline: also known as epinephrine, is given via auto-injector (Ex: EpiPen® or Twinject®) for emergency relief of food allergy symptoms

Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau (TTB) The TTB regulates allergen labeling for wines, distilled spirits, and malt beverages. Allergen labeling in the USA for these items is currently voluntary. Information about possible allergens in your wine

Allergy Band: also called allergy bracelet or medical ID bracelet is used to communicate your child’s medical issues or allergies to medical or emergency professionals. The band will include your child’s medical alerts, plus your contact information.

Allergy Bracelet: also called allergy band or medical ID bracelet is used to communicate your child’s medical issues or allergies to medical or emergency professionals. The band will include your child’s medical alerts, plus your contact information.

Allergy Card: Wallet size cards that list your food allergies. These cards help those dining out explain their allergies easier to ensure safe dining. Printed card can be given to waiter/waitress, and passed onto the chef. Also know as chef cards.

Allergen: substance that can trigger allergic reaction; common food allergens include wheat, daily, eggs, fish, shellfish, tree nuts, peanuts, and soy.

Allergic Reaction: the hyper reaction of the body’s immune system after exposure to allergen.

Antihistamines: drugs block histamine that body releases during an allergic reaction. Example would be Benadryl

Anaphylaxis: Anaphylaxis is a severe allergic reaction that is life threatening. Usually two systems of the body are involved such as the respiratory and circulatory system. An example of a reaction with these two systems would be difficulty breathing (respiratory) and drop in blood pressure (circulatory).

Asthma: a disease of the lung airways, which causes the airways to get swollen and inflamed, which makes breathing difficult. Having asthma can increase the severity of an allergic reaction to food.

Auto-Injector: device for administering medicine by injections to treat allergic reactions (Disposal of auto injector)

Bullying: is when a person uses their power to control or harm someone by physically, verbally, visually, or emotionally threatening another person, either directly or indirectly. The intent is to cause harm to the victim while creating a sense of power and satisfaction in the bully. Bullying is abusive since the behavior can affect the victim over a long period of time and can be repetitive.

Celiac disease: an auto-immune disease that attacks tissue in the small intestine after ingestion of any and all foods containing gluten.

Cross-Contamination: cross-contamination is the transfer of a food allergen from other foods, cooking surfaces, eating surfaces, manufacturing equipment, utensils, etc. to another food.

Chef Card: Wallet size cards that list your food allergies. These cards help those dining out explain their allergies easier to ensure safe dining. Printed card can be given to waiter/waitress, and passed onto the chef. Also know as allergy cards.

EpiPen®: a specific brand of auto-injector used for administering epinephrine (EpiPen disposal)

Epinephrine: also known as adrenaline, is given via auto-injector (Ex: EpiPen or Twinject) for emergency relief of food allergy symptoms

FARE (Formerly called FAAN): Food Allergy Reseach & Education non profit group (Formerly called The Food Allergy & Anaphylaxis Network

Food Allergen Labeling And Consumer Protection Act of 2004 also known as FALCPA, is an amendment to the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act and requires that the label of a food that contains an ingredient that is or contains protein from a "major food allergen " declare the presence of the allergen in the manner described by the law. To learn more about labeling, take our Food Allergen Labeling Online Course. Or test your knowledge with our short food allergen labeling quiz.

FDA: US Food and Drug Administration

Food Allergy: specific type of adverse food reaction involving the immune system.

Food Allergy Action Plan: a child specific plan listing out allergies, reactions, and treatments; copies of plan can reside anywhere the child does, classroom, nurse’s office, and bus

Food Intolerance: refers to an abnormal response to a food or additive, but it differs from an allergy in that it does not involve the immune system. Also, the severity of the reaction is much less with food intolerance than food allergy

Gluten: Foods that contain gluten come from the botanical family, Triticum spp, also known as the wheat family.

Hives: itchy area of skin or rash, raised above surrounding skin

Immune System: the body’s system which protects and reacts against infections. In the case of an allergic reaction, the immune system mistakes the allergen for something that the body needs to fight against.

Lactose: sugar found in milk

Lactose Intolerant: when someone has difficulty digesting lactose. Lactose intolerance is very different than a dairy allergy, which is a reaction of the body’s immune system and can be life threatening.

Self-carry: a child that is old enough to “self-carry” has their medicine with them at all times; a child that is too young to “self-carry” relies on their medicine being available from a responsible adult

Twinject®: a specific brand of auto-injector used for administering epinephrine

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